Attitude is more than qualification

We have factories in all three regions of North and Central South. After every long holiday, the leadership of the three places is extremely headache about the issue of labor efficiency.

The Group has nearly 1,000 employees, our workers eat according to the product, depending on the productivity of each person, they receive about 300,000 to 600,000 VND per day. Due to fluctuations in the world market, there were periods when export orders declined significantly. We worked hard, but eventually decided to leave workers on some weekends. Many people are very sad, constantly asking factory managers: "Boss, when will I be able to go back to work?"

Those who manage us are not happy either. The vacation lasted before the Lunar New Year, when they needed money to spend Tet holiday, then after Tet, they needed money to make up for a holiday that was too long and spent a lot. They returned to the factory with the psychology of waiting. Fortunately, we only had to reduce productivity for four months. The day they were announced to go back to work on Saturday as before, they beamed: "Boss, don't let us have to rest anymore."

During the holidays, most workers come back to their hometown, hang out, eat and spend money. If you stay in the city, you can also drink and travel. Many people return to offices and factories with extremely tired faces. Our February salary fund is always the lowest of the year, obviously because the month has 28 days, there is a long Tet holiday. But the more important reason is that, when returning to work, the productivity of workers decreases from 30% to 50% and their income also decreases, while that is the month their families spend the most.

There may be few people who speak it out, but employers like us are afraid of before and after long vacations, productivity and labor quality are extremely reduced. Workers have the thought of preparing to go on vacation and move to prepare to go out. They are more distracted with work. For example, the Lunar New Year holiday, workers usually take 7-10 days off, but actually, the employees' psychology has been "off" before and after the whole month.

One month before the New Year holidays, workers were no longer in the mood to concentrate on production. The number of people taking leave in the month before Tet increased and applied for regular leave. The output of the month before Tet decreased 40% -50% compared to normal even when the number of people working is still sufficient. In the first days of working, up to 30% of employees come to work late. Productivity and output only return to normal from the second half of March to the beginning of April calendar onwards.

Other holidays in the year such as the death anniversary of the Patriarch, 30 / 4-1 / 5 or 2/9, although not as serious as the Lunar New Year, the level of decline in labor productivity is not small. Not to mention in all holidays, traffic accidents due to travel, alcohol, sickness due to drinking too much, workers are also more absent than usual.

I have a friend who is a famous Japanese architect investing a 100% Japanese-owned enterprise in Ho Chi Minh City. He said he wanted to invest and live here. However, what he is most afraid of is the lateness of the Vietnamese people in all meetings from small to large. Not only at his company, he finds that the habit of being late seems to have become a custom in Vietnam, with many events, especially weddings. This not only causes a lot of damage to time, money, affects the content of the event but also causes other intangible and meaningless wastes.

I do not object to the increase of several national holidays for good reasons of economic governance. It is true that compared to advanced Western countries, the total number of Vietnamese holidays is not high, even much less. However, as an enterprise exporting products to 60 countries, often working with foreign countries, I realize that Vietnam's labor productivity is not only low compared to Western countries but also with neighboring countries of the same literary system. Asian goods like China, Malaysia, Thailand. Their daily labor productivity is very high when compared to Vietnamese workers. Because they work, take a break, do not have the mentality of working and playing as in most Vietnamese workers today.

The topic of Vietnam's labor quality is often discussed as an unfinished problem. We all know that in order to improve productivity and quality of labor, businesses need to invest in machinery and equipment, apply new technology to increase productivity, replace human resources, minimize dependencies. on human power ... Thereby, reducing product costs, improving competitiveness. But besides these objective factors, it is the labor attitude of the Vietnamese people that is also a problem that affects the labor productivity of an organization, or more broadly, the entire Vietnamese economy. Even with good workers, the attitude is not as important as the level.

A Korean friend living in Ho Chi Minh City confided to me that in the old days, Koreans also had the habit of being late for work, the superficial working attitude like many Vietnamese now. However, in the past half century, one of the factors that made miracles for the Korean economy as strong as it is today is thanks in part to "ppalli-ppalli culture" - which means "fast fast". Agile manners and high labor efficiency in all jobs have helped the business community thrive. "Ppalli-ppalli" has become the golden rule not only for businesses but also for the Korean government. Practicing it not only becomes a part of the daily lives of the Korean people but also imprints on them as a basic value. Thanks to this hasty economy, South Korea has made great strides in a short time.

Maybe someone wonders why I'm not happy because I have to pay less for workers, or we - business owners just look to take advantage of workers. I'm not happy because that doesn't make my worker life better. They have reduced incomes, businesses have reduced competitiveness, the strength of the economy has also decreased. The income of workers is reduced, the state is also lost because of personal income taxes, other taxes on businesses and reduced labor productivity, plus the social unrest arising from binge drinking, Traffic accidents caused the state to increase settlement costs. If an employer wants to take advantage of an employee, they may have more than just a few days of work, a few hours of work, or a break.

There is no need to compare too far with foreign countries, just to compare domestic enterprises with foreign-invested enterprises in Vietnam. Foreign enterprises in Vietnam allow workers to rest on Saturdays and Sundays but the intensity and working time of the week are much higher and longer. In my office building, there are a number of Japanese and Korean companies. In Vietnam, they are required to take Vietnamese vacation but foreign employees still work normally and have fun. I think the need to work, contribute and express our meaning to society, and to have more income is also an important human need.

Building an effective labor style, a positive working and living attitude for both officials and employees is a crucial step to create a resilient decision for the economy, businesses and workers.

Dinh Hong Ky